What does “Secured by Handshake” mean?
Handshake is a decentralized, permissionless naming protocol where every peer is validating and in charge of managing the root DNS naming zone with the goal of creating an alternative to existing Certificate Authorities and naming systems.
Beacon connects to the Handshake network and communicates with other peers to verify the identity of domains on the Handshake namespace. This does not necessarly mean that you should trust this identity/website. It only means that your connection to this identity is truly end-to-end encrypted without middleman or third-party organizations that can eavesdrop on your communication.
What does “Connection is secure” mean?
This site’s identity was verified by third-party certificate authorities trusted by your computer’s manufacturer or certificate authorities expliclty trusted by you or an administrator.
When you visit sites over “HTTPS”, the website uses a security certificate to prove its identity to Beacon. Since anyone could create a security certificate to claim to be whatever they want, these certificates must either be approved by trusted third-party organizations or rely on a decentralized peer-to-peer naming protocol such as Handshake.